Opinion By Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah and Ana Ines Abelenda
Accra/Montevideo — The theme for International Women's Day this year doesn't resonate with us. #BalanceForBetter brings to mind slow gradual change, and assumes that if you provide women and girls with equal access then the society will automatically be better. We know that's false.
Access to a broken capitalist system that privileges the richest 1% over the rest of the world means that the most marginalised communities (including women, girls, trans and gender non conforming people) exist in unjust, precarious and fragile societies. This coupled with the increasing privatisation of what should be common resources for everyone (including the basics of land and water), as well as the corporate takeover of many public services endangers the lives and wellbeing of poor people.
In a recent submission to the United Nations Secretary General, the African Women's Development Network for Communications (FEMNET) and the Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) stated:
"Neoliberal economic policies promoted around the globe by a growing majority of governments with the support and pressure of international financial institutions (including through conditional loans), have intensified the commodification of life through privatization of basic public services and natural resources."
On this International Women's Day we call for a return to its radical roots centred on workers rights and justice. This doesn't call for balance. It calls for a radical transformation of society based on the twin principles of equity and justice
This corporate takeover of services meant to benefit everyone, of the health and education sectors in particular, primarily affect women and girls. In a 2017 report, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education, stated:
"Women and girls are frequently excluded from education. Families often favour boys when investing in education."
The rights of girls to quality education, particularly those from the most underprivileged communities, are negatively affected when public schools are privatised. Research by feminist and women's rights organisations has demonstrated the ways in which gender biases affects the choices parents make when they need to pay for education, and have to choose which children to send to school.
It's in this light that one must view with great concern the increasing trend of handing over the education sector to the private sector.
The Government of Ghana for example, recently announced that it was seeking to privatise the management of some basic schools on a private basis. This decision is being disputed by a number of Teacher Unions including the Teachers & Educational Workers Union of Ghana, the Coalition of Concerned Teachers the National Association of Graduate Teachers, and the Ghana National Association of Teachers.
The General Secretary of the Ghana National Association of Teachers described the move "... as subtle and eventual privatization, commercialization and commodification of public education in Ghana." This trend of Government reaching out to the private sector to manage the education sector has also been witnessed in other parts of West Africa including Liberia.
There is no doubt that significant investments in the education sectors are required. Sadly, governments in the Global South are looking for these resources in the wrong places. The landmark report by the High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows from Africa (also known as the Mbeki report) indicated that Africa is losing more than US$50 billion per year in Illicit Financial Flows (IFFs).
As highlighted in a report by AWID, IFFs have a severe impact on the development of the continent. These resources that are lost to the continent should rather be harnessed and invested into the social sector, including education and health.
Privatization of social services and reduced social protection is at the heart of South America's wave of neoliberal governments promoting austerity policies that deepen structural gender inequalities. Coupled with the rise of the conservative right in South America -including Brazil's fascist new government-, feminist movements from the South understand this is no time for moderate calls for equality and balance.
In Uruguay, the #8M call to action states: "Ante el fascismo, más feminismo" (In front of fascism, we need more feminism!). It is a call for international feminist solidarity to resist daily threats that aim to bring us back centuries when it comes to social and gender justice and rights. It is also a warning that feminist movements are forging new realities not only about equality, but about radical change.
So on this International Women's Day we call for a return to its radical roots centred on workers rights and justice. This doesn't call for balance. It calls for a radical transformation of society based on the twin principles of equity and justice.
Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah is Director of Information, Communications and Media, Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID)
Ana Inés Abelenda is Economic Justice Coordinator, Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID)